How Much Money Can A Counselor in Private Practice Make?

private practice, counseling

Building a Six-Figure Counseling Practice:

How Much Money Can A Master’s Level Counselor in Private Practice Make?

According to, the average Licensed Professional Counselor working in Cambridge, MA makes $39,778 per year*. That’s beyond bleak. For a city where a 900 square foot apartment can run you half a million dollars, it’s dismal.

Is dismal compensation our fate for choose the profession of counseling? Financially speaking, are counselors better off forfeiting their licenses and getting jobs in retail, or waiting tables? I don’t think so.

With good private practice planning, counselors can do much better. In fact, earning over $100,000 profit in year two of private practice is a reasonable and obtainable goal. As counselors, often we loathe to think about or discuss money–we want to focus on patient care. However, from time-to-time it’s a necessary part of keeping the doors open. Truth be told, you can’t help anyone if you’re practice is out of business. In this article, we’re going to look at the financial aspects of running a successful private counseling practice.

Note: the following numbers are rough estimates for a single practitioner in private practice. For your purposes, you may need to adjust expenses, client fees and volume based on your own personal practice goals and on the costs of living in your area. I have tried to be conservative when referencing revenues and liberal when referencing expenses.

Client Fees

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Client fees vary depending on location, and payer.

For example, In Cambridge Massachusetts, if one is accepting 3rd party payments (insurance), the average intake appointment (90791) pays about $100 for a clinician with a Master’s degree. Ongoing appointments for individual therapy (90834) pay around $75-87, and appointments for couples counseling (i.e., “family therapy with patient present”, 90847) can pay about $10 more.

For this article, let’s estimate your average fee to be a moderate $80 per session, and a full client roster is 35 client sessions per week. Some persons feel that 35 sessions per week is a heavy caseload, and others find that they can serve up to 40 clients a week. I find 35 clients a week to be a healthy number. At 35 clients a week, if you’re providing 45 minute sessions, that’s only 26.25 hours a week of actual face-to-face interaction with clients. With gaps in one’s schedule, cancellations, and practice management duties, one’s looking at about a 40-45 hour work week. It’s a full time job, for sure. That said, don’t let anyone tell you the numbers are unreasonable.

In addition, let’s say that you give yourself a generous 4 weeks of vacation a year.

Number Crunching:

35 (sessions per week) x 48 (weeks per year) = 1,680 (sessions per year)

* * *

1,680 (sessions) x $80 (fee per session) = $134,400 (gross yearly revenue)

Advertising and Marketing

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There is no “correct” amount of money to spend on marketing and advertising. In fact, many counselors get by without spending hardly any money at all. However, for the sake of this exercise, let’s say that you take 7 percent of your gross yearly revenue and pour it into marking and advertising for new clients (as I mentioned above, let’s be liberal with the expenses).

Number Crunching:

7 percent (marketing and advertising) of $134,400 (yearly revenue) = $9,408 (or $784 per month).

* * *

$134,400 (yearly revenue) – $9,408 (marketing and advertising) = $124,992 (net revenue 1)

Medical Billing

While many counselors do their own billing (remember, you’re only spending 26.25 hours a week in session), if you are accepting insurance you may wish to hire a company to handle the billing for you. The average cost of billing is 8 percent of what the billing company collects, which comes out to around 6 percent of one’s gross revenue (it’s only 6 percent because billing companies don’t usually take a share of deductibles, or co-pays).

Number Crunching:

6 percent (billing company) of $134,400 (yearly revenue) $8,064 (billing company fee)

* * *

$124,992 (net revenue 1) – $8,064 (billing company fee) = $116,928 (net revenue 2)

Office and Miscellaneous Expenses

There are plenty of small and seemingly hidden costs to running a private practice: from patient parking, to offering water and coffee, to organic tissues, to printer ink. Here are some ballpark numbers for outfitting the solo private practice.

Rent (one office): $500 per month = $6,000 per year

Office supplies (computer, phone, furniture, printer, coffee, etc.) = $3,000 per year
(Note: purchasing furniture will be an initial outlay of several thousand dollars, but amortized over 10 years, you can calculate it as a few hundred dollars per year.)

Professional dues, continuing education, liability insurance = $460 per year
($460 won’t get you to your professional association’s national convention, but it will cover continuing education. There are many opportunities for very low cost (or fee) continuing education opportunities–one just needs to look for them).

Other Miscellaneous = $540 per year

Total Office and Miscellaneous Expenses: $10,000 per year

Number Crunching:

$116,928 (net revenue 2) – $10,000 (yearly miscellaneous expenses) = $106,928 (final net revenue)

And there we have it: a 6-figure private practice. A far cry from’s $39,778!

Independent Variables

In an experiment, the independent variable is the variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.

While the above provides a rough outline of a six-figure private practice, your counseling practice won’t exactly mirror the example above.

To help you determine more accurately how your practice will look financially, below is a list of variables that you can modify, to observe their financial impacts:
1. The “final net revenue” above does not include the cost of health insurance, retirement planning, or bookkeeping services, which are often partially covered by an employer. Purchasing these services will detract from your expendable income.

2. Conversely to item (1), owning a business has tax advantages that one doesn’t receive as an employee. For example, if you purchase a new laptop, it will likely be counted as a business expense. Hence, it’s paid for with pre-tax money (that’s about a 30 percent discount).

3. The estimates above assume that one will be able to maintain a client roster of 35 client sessions a week by year two. Low new client volume, high client attrition, cancellations and client no-shows can reduce your weekly session count (subtract up to 30 percent revenue).

4. To expedite the building of a caseload (hopefully in year one), more money could be invested into advertising (or time spent professional networking). It is not unusual for companies wanting to grow quickly to spend 10 percent of gross revenue on advertising and marketing (subtract 3 percent revenue).

5. After building a strong reputation, establishing active referral sources, and developing good client retention, you may be able to eliminate advertising and marketing (reclaim 7 percent revenue).

6. If you see some or all cash-pay clients, you can reduce or eliminate the billing service (reclaim up to 6 percent revenue).

7. If demand for your services outweighs supply (that’s you!), you can raise your cash-pay rates to $99, or higher (add $31,920 revenue, or more?). Note: you can also add a second clinician, but that starts a whole new series of mathematical calculations.

8. The estimates above do not account for unpaid session fees (subtract up to 4 percent revenue).

9. If you will accept credit cards, subtract about 2 percent revenue from whatever percentage of session fees you expect to process with plastic.

10. If you decide to spend 30 hours a week in session, that’s 40 appointments (add $19,200 in additional revenue).

11. For a final financial boost, consider reducing your vacation time from 4 weeks to only 3 weeks (add $2,800 in gross revenue).

As a rule, numbers are not very exciting to counselors (did you enjoy psyc-stats?). So, thanks for hanging in there. I look forward to your comments, questions, and thoughts about the ideas presented. Recommended Comments: Are you a counselor in private practice now? Are you earning the revenue described? Are your expenses higher or lower that what was suggested? Have you found additional sources of revenue? Or new methods for financial success?

Please share your experience in the comments section below!

Dr. Anthony Centore, CEO of Thriveworks

*Retrieved on Mar, 23, 2011 –