What is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)?
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is a psychological test that evaluates and determines personality characteristics. It measures people’s mental health and provides evidence of mental disorders.
Who Should Take the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)?
The MMPI is mainly geared for testing individuals who are thought to have mental health disorders.
The MMPI-2 has nearly 600 questions in true or false form.
The MMPI-2-RF is a newer design and features just over 300 true or false questions. This version cuts the time to take the test in half—between one-half hour and about an hour. However, the MMPI-2 is generally used more because it has a larger research base, and it is more recognized by psychologists.
(For adolescents, the MMPI-A test is used.)
Who Administers the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)?
The MMPI can only be administered and explained by psychologists who are educated on how to use it. It is not found on the Internet, because it is considered an instrument that is protected. During the time when an individual takes the test, the mental health professional is not involved.
However, the therapist usually interviews the individual who will take the test beforehand.
When the test is scored, the therapist completes a report that shows the results. These findings are interpreted in the framework of the individual’s history and present-day issues.
What Does the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Measure?
The MMPI-2 includes 10 scales that are clinical. These scales gauge 10 classifications of abnormal behavior. In addition, there are four validity scales that gauge the individual’s attitude while taking the test, as well as if he answered the questions truthfully and accurately.
The MMPI-2’s clinical subscales are the outcome of how the individual answered specific questions in a certain way on the test. They include:
If the individual who takes the test is dishonest or untruthful, the MMPI-2 is not an accurate rating of his psychopathology or behavior. For instance, some people embellish or withhold the behavior being examined.
The MMPI-2 includes validity scales that are created to find out the person’s (who is taking the test) feelings and behavior toward the test. The following are the four scales to measure the person’s approach toward the test:
- Lie—This zeroes in on people who are intentionally trying not to answer the test truthfully.
- F–This letter doesn’t mean anything, but it is used to find out abnormal ways of answering the components on the test.
- Back F—The Back F doesn’t stand for anything; however, this only measures the last part of the test.
- K–This is to find psychopathology in individuals who would usually show that they are in the normal range.