Edwin Schneidman, a researcher who dedicated his career to studying suicide, was interested in how rare the occurrence of was. Here are some of the findings on suicide:
In any given year, 30,000-35,000 people in the USA commit suicide.
Approximately 70 percent of people who die by suicide had major depression recurrent — severe with psychotic features.
Approximately 10-15 million, and sometimes as high at 17 million, men and women in any given year are diagnosed with major depression recurrent — severe with psychotic features.
Hence, 99.4 percent of men and women with major depression recurrent — severe with psychotic features do not die by suicide.
In fact, less than 1 percent of men and women with that diagnosis commit suicide.
Hence, the diagnosis of Major Depression Recurrent — Severe with Psychotic Features. It is correlational, but not causal, for suicide.
Edwin Schneidman, in 1971 developed a model for assessing persons “psychological vulnerability” to suicide. Accordingly, markers for suicide risk include:
- Chronic symptoms (more than a year)
- Early childhood trauma
- A gender specific depression component. Women = disabling depression. Male = uncontrollable episodes of rage.
- Self-medicating (typically with cannabis & alcohol)