One type of client is likely to choose a want-based practice, the other a need-based practice.
A Need-based Practice
Need-based businesses are all around us: pawn shops, Western Union, USPS, bus stations, even airlines. The DMV is the quintessential need-based business. The more something is need-based, the less likely customers will receive anything in the realm of an exceptional experience. When a counseling practice is need-based, it’s no-frills. If clients want help, they can deal with a bad location, dreary décor, 20 extra minutes in the waiting room, etc. The core service—the counseling—is respectable; it’s just that the overall experience isn’t exceptional.
A Want-based Practice
A want-based practice caters to people’s…you guessed it, wants. Apple is a want-based business; from their retail stores, to Apple Care, to their swanky products. Can you get a cheaper, arguably faster, computer somewhere else? Yeah. Gear heads rail that Apple provides two-year-old technology at twice the market price. But Apple isn’t catering to your utilitarian need to access the web; Apple’s catering to your want for fashionable electronics. Similarly, Whole Foods isn’t catering to your need for groceries, or even organic groceries (you can get those at Kroger). Whole Foods is catering to your want for a high-end shopping experience.
“Yes sir,” the clerk tells me “you can grind your own peanuts into peanut butter!”
“Why would I want to do that?” I ask.
“Well, he says, because it’s an experience!”
- Every chair in the waiting room in a leather massage chair
- Every client gets a follow-up call the day after his/her first session
- There’s a free library in your office, and clients can take any books they want
Audacious? Yes. Zappos provided a notable shopping experience by offering free shipping and return shipping on every item—valid for a full year after you buy. That notable feature helped them get to a $1 billion buyout by Amazon.
Pick a Side
Now to clarify, I’m not saying that persons who have serious mental health issues won’t opt for a want-based practice. There are plenty of practices (think drug and alcohol treatment centers) that cater to those seeking help in a premium setting. What I’m saying is that when someone opts for the premium, they’re not paying for just the core service. And for those who want but don’t need your services, they won’t patronize your practice if it doesn’t offer the experience they’re seeking.
Understandably, this make some counselors uneasy: “I’m a healer, not a performer. I will not do a dog a pony show!” I know the want-based approach isn’t for everyone, and neither is the need-based approach. Just know who you are, and focus in that direction. Be need-based, or be want-based. Kroger and Food Lion are middle-of-the-road, and they’re in danger because most people choose Walmart (need-based) or Whole Foods (want-based). The middle-of-the-road is dangerous. Practices in the middle might get run over.